ISSN: 2534-5192


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ISBN: 978-2-9570549-0-9
e-ISBN: 978-2-9570549-1-6

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Graphemic Methods for Gender-Neutral Writing
Yannis Haralambous ORCID iD icon & Joseph Dichy
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Abstract. In this paper we present a model and a classification of graphemic gender-neutral writing methods, we explore current practices in French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish languages, and we investigate interactions between gender-neutral writing forms and regular expressions.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36824/2018-graf-hara2


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   Egalitarian (Spanish) Language]}},
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   TITLE = {{El sexismo lingüístico: Un análisis interlingüístico entre español e italiano, 
   con un enfoque particular en el fenómeno del nuevo género neutro en Argentina [Linguistic 
   Sexism: An Interlinguistic Analysis between Spanish and Italian, with a Particular Focus 
   on the Phenomenon of the New Neutral Gender in Argentina]}},
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   TITLE = {{Circulaire du 21 novembre 2017 relative aux règles de féminisation et de 
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   PAGES = {81--117},
}

@BOOK{haddad,
   AUTHOR = {Haddad, Raphaël and Baric, Carline},
   TITLE = {{Manuel d'écriture inclusive}},
   PUBLISHER = {Mots-Clés},
   ADDRESS = {Paris},
   YEAR = {2017},
}

@ARTICLE{waber,
   AUTHOR = {Waber, Dan},
   TITLE = {{Regular Expressions as a System of Poetic Notation}},
   JOURNAL = {P-Queue},
   YEAR = {2008},
   VOLUME = {5},
   PAGES = {143--156},
}

@UNPUBLISHED{romy,
   AUTHOR = {Duhem-Verdière, Romy},
   TITLE = {{Féminiser au point médian}},
   YEAR = {2016},
   NOTE = {\url{https://perma.cc/UJ28-LKAM}},
}

@ARTICLE{yh17dorif,
   AUTHOR = {Haralambous, Yannis},
   TITLE = {{Gestion de la r{é}p{é}tition dans les correspondances graphème-phonème 
   et graphème-morphème}},
   JOURNAL = {Repères DORIF},
   YEAR = {2017},
   VOLUME = {13},
   NOTE = {\url{http://www.dorif.it/ezine/ezine_articles.php?art_id=346}},
}

@UNPUBLISHED{kouvela,
   AUTHOR = {Kouvela, Fotini},
   AUTHOR_ORIGINAL = {Κουβέλα, Φωτεινή},
   AUTHOR+AN = {1=el-Grek},
   TITLE = {{Ἐγκύκλιος γιὰ τὴν Ἔνταξη τῆς Διάστασης τοῦ Φύλου στὰ Διοικητικὰ Ἔγγραφα 
   [Instruction on the Insertion of the Gender Dimension in Administrative Documents]}},
   YEAR = {2016},
   NOTE = {Ὑπουργεῖο Ἐσωτερικῶν καὶ Διοικη\-τικῆς Ἀνασυγκρό\-τη\-σης, Γενικὴ Γραμματεία 
   Ἰσότητας τῶν Φύλων, Ἀθήνα, 10/3/2016, Α.Π. 652 [Minister of Internal Affairs, Secretary 
   of Gender Equality, Athens, March 10, 2016, Protocol Number 652]},
}

@BOOK{odigos,
   AUTHOR = {Georgallidou, Marianthi and others},
   AUTHOR_ORIGINAL = {Γεωργαλλίδου, Μαριάνθη and others},
   AUTHOR+AN = {1=el-Grek},
   TITLE = {{Ὁδηγὸς Χρήσης μὴ Σεξιστικῆς Γλώσσας στὰ Διοικητικὰ Ἔγγραφα [Guide of Use of 
   Non-sexist Language in Administrative Documents]}},
   PUBLISHER = {Γενικὴ Γραμματεία Ἰσότητας τῶν Φύλων [General Secretary of Gender Equality]},
   ADDRESS = {Athens},
   YEAR = {2018},
}

@BOOK{odigos2,
   AUTHOR = {Gkasouka, Maria and Georgallidou, Marianthi and Foulidou, Xanthipi},
   AUTHOR_ORIGINAL = {Γκασούκα, Μαρία and Μαριάν\-θη Γεωργαλλίδου and Ξανθίππη Φουλίδου},
   AUTHOR+AN = {1=el-Grek;2=el-Grek;3=el-Grek},
   TITLE = {{Ὁδηγὸς Ὑπέρβασης τοῦ Γλωσσικοῦ Σεξισμοῦ στὴ Γλώσσα τῶν Ἐγγράφων τῆς 
   Δημόσιας Διοίκησης τῆς Κυπριακῆς Δημοκρατίας [Guide for the Transgression of Linguistic 
   Sexism in the Language of Documents of Public Administration of the Republic of Cyprus]}},
   PUBLISHER = {Παρατηρητήριο Ἰσότητας Κύπρου [Equality Observatory of Cyprus]},
   ADDRESS = {Nicosia},
   YEAR = {2016},
}

@BOOK{meizon,
   EDITOR = {Mandala, Maria},
   EDITOR_ORIGINAL = {Μανδαλᾶ, Μαρία},
   EDITOR+AN = {1=el-Grek},
   TITLE = {{{Μεῖζον Ἑλληνικὸ Λεξικό} [Major Greek Dictionary]}},
   PUBLISHER = {Τεγόπουλος Φυτράκης [Tegopoulos Futrakēs]},
   ADDRESS = {Athens},
   YEAR = {1999},
   YH = {960-7598-04-0 http://www.biblionet.gr/book/32716/Μείζον_ελληνικό_λεξικό},
}

@BOOK{kleene,
   AUTHOR = {Kleene, Stephen C.},
   TITLE = {{Representation of Events in Nerve Nets and Finite Automata}},
   PUBLISHER = {The RAND Corporation},
   ADDRESS = {Santa Monica, CA},
   YEAR = {1951},
}

@ARTICLE{chomsky,
   AUTHOR = {Chomsky, Noam},
   TITLE = {{Three Models for the Description of Language}},
   JOURNAL = {Transactions on Information Theory},
   YEAR = {1956},
   VOLUME = {2},
   PAGES = {113--124},
}

@UNPUBLISHED{ieee,
   AUTHOR = {{ISO/IEC}},
   TITLE = {{ISO/IEC 9945-2:1993 Information Technology – Portable Operating System 
   Interface (POSIX) – Part 2: Shell and Utilities}},
   YEAR = {1993},
   YH = {https://www.iso.org/standard/17841.html},
}

@BOOK{horn,
   AUTHOR = {Hornscheidt, Antje Lann},
   TITLE = {{feministische w\_orte: ein lern-, denk- und handlungs\-buch zu sprache und 
   diskriminierung, gender studies und feministischer lingui\-stik}},
   MAINTITLE = {{Transdisziplinäre Genderstudien}},
   PUBLISHER = {Brandes \& Apsel},
   ADDRESS = {Frankfurt a/M},
   YEAR = {2012},
   VOLUME = {5},
}

@INPROCEEDINGS{tudor,
   AUTHOR = {Tudor, Alyosxa},
   EDITOR = {Nduka-Agwu, Adibeli and Hornscheidt, Antje Lann},
   TITLE = {{Rassismus und Migratismus: die Relevanz einer kritischen Differenzierung}},
   BOOKTITLE = {{Rassismus auf gut Deutsch: ein kritisches Nachschlagewerk zu rassistischen 
   Sprachhandlungen}},
   PUBLISHER = {Brandes \& Apsel},
   ADDRESS = {Frankfurt a. M.},
   YEAR = {2010},
   PAGES = {396--420},
}

@BOOK{yhodigos,
   AUTHOR = {Haralambous, Yannis},
   AUTHOR_ORIGINAL = {Χαραλάμπους, Γιάννης},
   AUTHOR+AN = {1=el-Grek},
   TITLE = {{Ὁδηγὸς γραφῆς γιὰ τὴν ἑλληνικὴ γλώσσα [Writing Guide for the Greek Language]}},
   PUBLISHER = {Ἄγρα [Agra]},
   ADDRESS = {Athens},
   YEAR = {2020},
}

Yannis Haralambous ORCID iD icon & Joseph Dichy (2019), Graphemic Methods for Gender-Neutral Writing, in Proceedings of Graphemics in the 21st Century, Brest 2018 (Yannis Haralambous, Ed.), Brest: Fluxus Editions, 41–89

@INPROCEEDINGS{gla1-hara2,
   AUTHOR = {Haralambous, Yannis and Dichy, Joseph},
   EDITOR = {Haralambous, Yannis},
   TITLE = {Graphemic Methods for Gender-Neutral Writing},
   BOOKTITLE = {{Proceedings of Graphemics in the 21st Century, Brest 2018}},
   PUBLISHER = {Fluxus Editions},
   ADDRESS = {Brest},
   YEAR = {2019},
   PAGES = {41--89},
   DOI = {https://doi.org/10.36824/2018-graf-hara2},
}